transport sector of Bangladesh consists of a variety
of modes. The country being a flat plain, all
three modes of surface transport, i.e. road, railway
and water are widely used in carrying both passengers
More than half of Bangladesh have access to an
all-weather hard surface road within 3 miles distance.
There has been a dramatic expansion of road network
in recent years. In 1947 there were only 461.8
kilometers of metalled roads. In 1997, the total
length of paved road under the Roads and Highways
Department stood at more than 20,000 kilometers.
It is estimated that mechanized road transport
carry about 70% of the country's total passenger
and cargo volume.
In recent years. construction of a number of bridges
such as the Bangabandhu Jamuna Bridge, Meghna
Bridge. Meghna-Gumti Bridge, Bangladesh-China
Friendship Bridge, Shambhuganj Bridge and Mahananda
Bridge have been completed. The 4.8 km long Bangabandhu
Bridge which has been opened to traffic in June,
1998, is the eleventh longest in the world. It
has established a strategic link between the East
and the West of Bangladesh has integrated the
country, is generating multifaceted benefits to
the people and promoting inter-regional trade.
Apart from quick movement of goods and passenger
traffic, it is faci1itating transmission of electricity
and natural gas and has integrated the telecommunication
About 32% of the total area of Bangladesh is effectively
covered by the railways. State-owned Bangladesh
Railway operates a track of 2706 kilometer, employs
about 60,000 people, owns a fleet of 307 locomotives,
1240 coaching vehicles and I L643 freight wagons,
and provides passenger and cargo services through
About two-thirds of Bangladesh is a wetland laced
with a dense network of rivers, canals and creeks.
Water transport is the only means available in
nearly 10% of' the total area. The navigable waterways
vary between 8372 kilometer during the monsoon
to 5200 kilometer during the dry season. Bangladesh
Inland Water Transport Authority has been established
by the government for maintenance of navigability
of ports and channels while the state-owned BIWTC
provide passenger and cargo services in inland
waterways and coastal areas of the country.
The entire coast along the Bay of Bengal is 710
kilometer long. There are two major ports in the
country. Chittagong, the oldest port, has been
an entry-port for at least 1000 years. The Mongla
port in Khulna region serves the western part
There are now 11 operational airports in Bangladesh.
These are Dhaka, Barisal. Chittagomig. Comilla,
Cox' s Bazar, Ishurdi, Jessore, Rajshahi, Syedpur,
Sylhet and Thakurgaon. Of these, the airports
at Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet serve international
routes. Air careo and Short Take-oft and Landing
(STOL) services have been opened to the private
sector by the government.
The Civil Aviation Authority is a public sector
entity entrusted to construct, maintain and supervise
airports and regulate air traffic. The national
flag carrier Biman flies to 26 international and
8 domestic destinations.
Bangladesh can be reached by air from any part
of the world. Biman Bangladesh airlines connects
Dhaka with 27 major cities of the world.
Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok, Bombay,
Calcutta, Doha, Dubai, Jeddah, Karachi, Kathmandu,
Kualalumpur, London, Muscat, Dhahran, Baghdad,
Kuwait, Yangoon, Rome, Tripoli, Tokyo, Singapore,
Baharin, Frankfurt, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong,
Jakarta, Sarjah, Seoul, Riyadh and Delhi.
Besides Biman, several other (international) carriers
also fly to and from Dhaka.
Biman, Bangladesh Airlines
also connects Dhaka with Chittagong, Jessore,
Cox's Bazar, Rajshahi Saidpur and Sylhet in its
7 domestic routes. (Biman,
Ph: 9560151-9; Enquiry & Reservations).
Trans World Airlines Inc.:
Air France: Ph: 880-2-9568277,
Japan Airlines: Ph:
Ph: 880-2-9555915, 9557813, 8912205(Airport)
Kuwait Airways: Ph:
880-2-9110238, 9118829(City) 8914215(Airport)
Ph: 880-2-9564869-72, 8914410, 8912467(Airport)
Lufthansa: Ph: 880-2-8618995,
Myanmar Airlines International:
Ph: 880-2-9556538-9, 9556505, 9567379
Cathay Pacific: Ph:
880-2-9559390, 9559721, 9557117
Pan Am: Ph: 880-2-9554369
Gulf Air: Ph: 880-2-8113237-40
PIA: Ph: 880-2-8312985,
Ph: 880-2-8828769, 8828774, 8811504-8
Emirates: Ph: 880-2-9563825-29,
Swiss Air: Ph: 880-2-8821908,
Korean Air: Ph: 880-2-9563817-9
Saudia Ph: 880-2-8116859-60,(City)
Ph: 880-2-8314711-9, 8914351(Airport)
Qatar Airways, Ph:
Royal Nepal Airlines:
Qantas: Ph: 880-2-9886634-7
KLM: Ph: 880-2-8113005,
Philippines Airlines: Ph:880-2-411488
Air litalia: Ph:
Continental Airlines: Ph:880-2-9565386-1,
The Bangladesh Railway provides an efficient service
to places of interest such as Chittagong, Sylhet,
Khulna, Mymensingh, Bogra, Rajshahi, Dinajpur
starting from Dhaka. The inter-city Express Service
is available to and from important cities at cheap
Country-Made boats are the most widely used carrier
one can see in the river and rivulets. These carry
passengers and merchandise on a large scale. The
landscape of Bangladesh is dominated by about
250 rivers which flow essentially north-sourth.
The alluvial flood plain formed by these rivers
covers most of the country. Wherever there is
a river and a village, a launch or steamer will
ply for trade. A journey by Rocket Steamer service
from Dhaka (Sadarghat) to Khulna, the gateway
to Sundarbans is a rewarding experience.
Bus/Coach Services -
Road transport in Bangladesh is a private sector
affair operating predominantly in domestic routes.
Rates are among the cheapest in the world. Express
and non stop services are available to principal
towns from Gabtoli, Saidabad and Mohakhai bus
terminals in Dhaka. The Bangladesh Road Transport
Corporation (BRTC) also maintains a countrywide
network of bus services. Recently they have introduced
Dhaka - Calcutta - Dhaka direct daily bus services
via Benapole, Jessore.
Nationally operated Bangladesh Railway provides
an efficient service throughout Bangladesh. The
inter city Express Service is available to and
from important cities if in all. Local trains
serve in cheaper rates.
Car Rental -
Private car hire service is available in Dhaka
and some other major cities. Bangladesh Parjatan
Corporation (BPC), a government organization,
has a fleet of air-conditioned and non air-conditioned
cars, microbuses and jeeps. Besides they offer
transfer service for tourists between Dhaka airport
and main city points or hotels.