: Social Welfare & Human Development
Since poverty alleviation is a major goal of the
Government, thrust is being given on socio-economic
development of the underprivileged groups. The main
emphasis here is on adoption of integrated and comprehensive
approach taking the family as the basic unit for
social services programs with emphasis on family
and group development rather that individual development.
The government has been implementing the following
programs in the Social Welfare sector:
(a) Urban and rural community development program.
(b) Development services for the physically and
the mentally disabled.
(c) Development services for children.
(d) Welfare services for the juvenile and the distressed
(e) Welfare services for the aged and the infirm.
(f) Rehabilitation program for the addicts.
(g) Social welfare services for the beggars.
(h) Social welfare services by non-government organizations
More than 50% of the country's GDP comes
from the rural sector. Development of this sector
is thus crucial for national development.
The Rural Development and Cooperatives Division
of the Government is responsible for planning implementation.
monitoring and evaluation of rural development programs.
Bangladesh Rural Development Board (BROB), the Department
of Cooperatives and the Academies fur Rural Development
at Comilla and Bogra play important roles in environmental
efforts for rural development. Major functions of
the rural development agencies include employment
and income generation, provision of credit and institutional
support to rural target groups, vulnerable group
development, formation of rural cooperatives, provision
of health care, sanitation, safe drinking water,
Alongside the public sector, the NGOs also play
a key-role in rural development efforts. Organizations
like the Grameen Bank and BRAC have earned world-wide
acclaim in the field.
Labour and Employment
The present government has undertaken various measures
to expand the opportunities for domestic and overseas
employment. Remittances from Bangladeshis working
abroad have marked a steep rise during the nineties
due to a massive outflow of workers from Bangladesh.
As an export item, manpower exports currently occupy
the second position with an annual inflow of over
1 billion U.S. Dollars. The Middle Eastern countries
along with Malaysia, South Korea and Japan are the
principal destination for Bangladeshi workers.
The Labour Policy of the present Government embodies
creation of an environment conducive to improved
Labour-Management relations in order to provide
higher wages through higher productivity, Tripartism.
productivity, provision of incentives, Labour welfare.
employment generation, earnings according to work,
and a healthy growth of trade Unionism have been
emphasized for ensuring basic needs of all and a
balanced economic growth.
Vocational training institutes across the country
produce skilled manpower both for domestic and overseas
employment. Because of rapid population growth,
human resource development and generation of employment
opportunities have been attached topmost priority
by the government.
Women and Children Affairs
The government is trying hard to integrate the womenfolk
of the country into the mainstream of the development
process which is one of the main strategies for
overall 50cm-economic development. Poverty, malnutrition,
hunger, illiteracy, etc. are largely concentrated
around womenfolk, and as such women can act as uniquely
suitable agents for elimination of these socio-economic
maladies. Attainment of reasonable growth rate,
alleviation of poverty through generation of production
employment opportunities and increased self-reliance
are inextricably linked with increased participation
of women in development efforts.
The Department of Women's Affairs with a countrywide
network and Jatiya Mohila Sangstha - an organization
with branches all over the country promote women's
rights, interests and soclo-economic opportunities.
Appropriate laws have been framed, especially during
the nineties, to stop repression and discrimination
against women. The government reconstituted the
National Women's Development Council in January,
1997, to provide overall guidance on women's development
The National Women's Development Policy announced
by the present government aims at improving the
lot of the neglected womenfolk of the country, ensure
equality of men and women in all spheres of national
life including state, society, family, politics,
administrative and economic arena, ensure security
and empowerment of women, groom up women as educated
and efficient human resource, eliminate discriminations
and repression on women and girl-child, establish
human rights of women, alleviate their poverty and
above all ensure their participation in the development
process. Appropriate strategies have been devised
to realize these goals.
Children's welfare has also been a priority of the
government. Bangladesh was one of the first signatories
to the UN charter on children's rights. Vigorous
efforts are being undertaken by the government at
national, regional and International levels to promote
health, nutrition, education and socio-cultural
interests of children Bangladesh Shishu (Children's)
Academy with a countrywide network is engaged in
50cm-cultural programs for children. A 25-member
National Children's Council has been reconstituted
by the government for children's development and
protection of children's rights. A national action
plan is also being drawn up for children's development.
The youths are potentially the most productive
force in Bangladesh. They constitute 36% of the
total civilian labour force. Recognizing the fact
that a disciplined and, organized, trained and educated
youth community can make significant contribution
to the development process, the government has taken
up various programs for their socio- economic uplift.
The Ministry of Youth and Sports and the Department
of Youth Development are entrusted with the responsibility
of providing unified direction and coordination
to the youth development process.
The main objective of the youth development program
is to organize and mobilize the youth community
for enabling them to participate effectively in
national development. Some of the specific objectives
are as follows increase the participation of females
in youth development, alleviate poverty through
increased sell-employment opportunities among the
youth community, equip the youths with working skill
and suitable training in technical, vocational and
professional fields and organize youth groups and
motivate them to assist in community development
through voluntary youth organizations
The major programs of the government for youth development
include:- rural youth development, skill development
training, sell-employment program and community
development program. The youth development program
is now being expanded through increased training
and credit facilities.