of Bangladesh [Quick Look]
conventional long form: People's
Republic of Bangladesh.
conventional short form:
Data code: BG.
Government type: Republic.
6 divisions; Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna,
Rajshahi & Sylhet.
March 1971 (from Pakistan).
National holiday: Independence Day -
26 March (1971), 16 December 1971 is Victory Day
and commemorates the official creation of the state
of Bangladesh, 21st February and more.
November 1972, effective 16 December 1972, suspended
following coup of 24 March 1982, restored 10 November
1986, amended many times.
Legal system: based
on English common law.
Chief of state: President
Prof. Iazuddin Ahmad; note - the president's
duties are normally ceremonial, but with the 13th
amendment to the constitution ("Caretaker Government
Amendment"), the president's role becomes significant
at times when Parliament is dissolved and a caretaker
government is installed - at presidential direction
- to supervise the elections
head of government: Prime
Minister Khaleda ZIA (since 10 October 2001).
selected by the prime minister and appointed by
elected by National Parliament for a five-year term;
election last held 1 October 2001 (next to be held
by NA October 2006); following legislative elections,
the leader of the party that wins the most seats
is usually appointed prime minister by the president.
election results: Prof.
Iazuddin Ahmad elected president without opposition.
Legislative branch: Unicameral
National Parliament or Jatiya Sangsad; 300 seats
elected by popular vote from single territorial
constituencies (the constitutional amendment reserving
30 seats for women over and above the 300 regular
parliament seats expired in May 2001); members serve
held 1 October 2001 (next to be held before October
election results: Percent
of vote by party - BNP and alliance partners 46%,
AL 42%; seats by party - BNP 201, AL 62, JI 18,
JP (Ershad faction) 14, IOJ 2, JP (Naziur) 1, other
4; note - the election of October 2001 brought a
majority BNP government aligned with three other
smaller parties - Jamaat-i-Islami, Islami Oikya
Jote, and Jatiya Party (Naziur).
Judicial branch: Supreme
Court, the Chief Justices and other judges are appointed
by the president.
Political parties: Bangladesh
Nationalist Party or BNP; Awami League or AL; Jatiyo
Party or JP; Jamaat-E-Islami or JI; Bangladesh Communist
Party or BCP.
participation: ADB, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP,
FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO,
IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM,
ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MONUA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, SAARC,
UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH,
UNMOP, UNMOT, UNOMIG, UNOMIL, UNPREDEP, UNU, UPU,
WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO.
Flag description: green
with a large red disk slightly to the hoist side
of center; the red sun of freedom represents the
blood shed to achieve independence; the green field
symbolizes the lush countryside, and secondarily,
the traditional color of Islam.