Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.
With its colourful history and rich cultural traditions,
Dhaka is known the world over as the city of mosques
and muslin. Its fame attracted travelers from far
and near throughout the ages. Today it has grown into
a megacity of about 8.5 million people, with an area
of about 1353 sq. km. becoming the hub of the nation's
industrial, commercial, cultural, educational and
Dhaka sits on the north bank of the bustling Buriganga
River, roughly in the centre of the country. If you've
arrived in Dhaka from South-East Asia, you'll probably
be struck by the lack of hype and commercial activity.
If you arrive from Delhi or Kathmandu, you're sure
to notice the relatively clean air. If you've flown
from Calcutta you might find it clean and orderly
and if you've come overland through rural Bangladesh,
it will seem like Babylon. Here the lights are as
bright as they get in Bangladesh, and there's a range
of goods and services lacking elsewhere in the country.
The oldest section of the city runs along the north
bank of the waterfront and was developed when Dhaka
was a significant Moghul trading centre. A must-see
in the Old City is the area between the two main water
transport terminals, Sadarghat and Badam Tole where
the panorama of river life on the Buriganga is particularly
fascinating. This area is always crowded with people
and watercraft of every type. Along the waterfront
is the old baroque-style palace, Ahsan Manzil which
has been painted bright pink.
Dhaka is located in the geographic center of the country.
It is in the great deltaic region of the Ganges and
Brahmaputra rivers. The city is within the monsoon
climate zone, with an annual average temperature of
25 deg C (77 deg F) and monthly means varying between
18 deg C (64 deg F) in January and 29 deg C (84 deg
F) in August. Nearly 80% of the annual average rainfall
of 1,854 mm (73 in) occurs between May and September.
Dhaka is in one of the world's leading rice- and jute-growing
regions. Its industries include textiles (jute, muslin,
cotton) and food processing, especially rice milling.
A variety of other consumer goods are also manufactured
here. The Muslim influence is reflected in the more
than 700 mosques and historic buildings found throughout
the city. The University of Dhaka (1921) and several
technical schools and museums are located here.
Area : 815.85 Sq. kilometres
Population : Seven million
Climate : Tropical, with
heavy rainfall and bright sunshine in the monsoon
and warm for the greater part of the year. The winter
months, from November to March, are however, most
likeable, cool and pleasant.
Temperature: Max. Min.
Summer : 36.7°C
Winter : 31.7°C
Rainfall : 2540 mm annually.
Humidity : 80 percent
ATTRACTION OF DHAKA
Mosques : Dhaka has several
hundred mosques. Prominent are Baitull Mukarram-National
Mosque, the seven Domed Mosque (17th century), Star
Mosque (18th century) , Chawkbazar Mosque and Huseni
Hindu Temples : Dhakeshwari
Temple (11th Century), Ramkrishna Mission.
Churches : Armenian Church
(1781 A.D.) St. Mary's Cathedral at Ramna, Church
of Bangladesh or former Holy Rosary Church (1677A.D.)
National Memorial : It
locates at Savar, 35, km. from Dhaka city. The memorial
designed by architect Moinul Hossain is dedicated
to the sacred memory of the millions of unknown martyrs
of the war of liberation.
Lalbagh Fort : It was
built in 1678 A.D. by Prince Mohammad Azam, son of
Mughal emperor Aurangazeb. The fort was the scene
of bloody battle during the first war of independence
(1857) when 260 sepoys stationed here backed by the
people revolted against British forces. Outstanding
among the monuments of the Lalbagh are the tomb of
Pari Bibi , Lalbagh Mosque, Audience Hall and Hammam
of Nawab Shaista Khan now housing a museum.
The capital city Dhaka predominantly was a city of
the Mughals. In hundred years of their vigorous rule
successive Governors and princely Viceroys who ruled
the province, adorned it with many noble monuments
in the shape of magnificent places, mosques, tombs,
fortifications and 'Katras' often surrounded with
beautifully laid out gardens and pavilions. Among
these, few have survived the ravages of time, aggressive
tropical climate of the land and vandal hands of man.
But the finest specimen of this period is the Aurangabad
Fort, commonly known as Lalbagh Fort, which, indeed
represents the unfulfilled dream of a Mughal Prince.
It occupies the south western part of the old city,
overlooking the Buriganga on whose northern bank it
stands as a silent sentinel of the old city. Rectangular
in plan, it encloses an area of 1082' by 800' and
in addition to its graceful lofty gateways on south-east
and north-east corners and a subsidiary small unpretentious
gateway on north, it also contians within its fortified
perimeter a number of splendid monuments, surrounded
by attractive garden. These are, a small 3-domed mosque,
the mausoleum of Bibi Pari the reputed daughter of
Nawab Shaista Khan and the Hammam and Audience Hall
of the Governor. The main purpose of this fort, was
to provide a defensive enclosure of the palacial edifices
of the interior and as such was a type of palace-fortress
rather than a seige fort.
1857 Memorial : ( Bahadur
Shah Park) Built to commemorate the martyrs of the
first liberation war (1857-59) against British rule.
It was here that the revolting sepoys and their civil
compatriots were publicly hanged.
Bangabandhu Memorial Museum
: The residence of the father of the nation
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman at Dhanmondi has
been turned into a musuam. It contains rare collection
of personal effects and photographs of his lifetime.
Mukti Juddha Museum : Situated
at Segun Bagicha area of the city the museum contains
rare photographs of Liberation war and items used
by the freedom fighters during the period.
Ahsan Manzil Museum :
On the bank of the river Buriganga in Dhaka the pink
majestic Ahsan Manzil has been renovated and turned
into a museum recently. It is an example of the nations
rich cultural heritage. It was the home of the Nawab
of Dhaka and a silent spectator to many events. The
renovated Ahsan Manzil is a monument of immense historical
beauty. It has 31 rooms with a huge dome atop which
can be seen from miles around. It now has 23 galleries
displaying portraits, furniture and household articles
and utensils used by the Nawab.
Curzon Hall : Beautiful
architectural building named after Lord Curzon. It
now houses the Science Faculty of Dhaka University.
Old High Court Building : Originally
built as the residence of the British Governor, it
illustrates a happy blend of European and Mughal architecture.
Dhaka Zoo : Popularly
known as Mirpur Zoo. Colorful and attractive collections
of different local and foreign species of animals
and birds including the majestic Royal Bengal Tiger
are available here.
National Museum : Located
at the central point of the city, the museum contains
a large number of interesting collections including
sculptures and paintings of the Hindu, Buddhist and
Botanical Garden : Built
on an area of 205 acres of land at Mirpur and adjacent
to Dhaka Zoo. One can have a look at the zoo and the
botanical garden in one trip.
National Park : Situated
at Rejendrapur, 40 km. north of Dhaka city , this
is a vast (1,600 acres) national recreational forest
with facilities for picnic and rowing etc.
Central Shahid Minar :
Symbol of Bengali nationalism. This monument was built
to commemorate the martyrs of the historic Language
movement of 1952. Hundreds and thousands of people
with floral wreaths and bouquet gather on 21 February
every year to pay respect in a solemn atmosphere.
Celebrations begin at zero hour of midnight.
National Poet's Graveyard :
Revolutionary poet Kazi Nazrul Islam died on
the 29 August 1976 and was buried here. The graveyard
is adjacent to the Dhaka University Mosque.
Suhrawardy Uddyan (Garden) :
A Popular Park. The oath of independence of Bangladesh
was taken here and Father of the Nation Bangabandhu
Sheik Mujibur Rahman gave clarion call for independence
on this occasion on the 7th March 1971. The place
is famous for its lush verdure and gentle breezes.
Eternal Flame to enliven the memory of the martyrs
of our Liberation war has been blown here recently.
Mausoleum of National Leaders
: Located at the southwestern corner of Suhrawardy
Uddyan, it is the eternal resting place of great national
leaders, Sher-e-Bangla A.K. Fazlul Haque, Hossain
Shahid Suhrawardy and Khaja Nazimuddin.
Banga Bhaban : The official
residence of the President, located in the city .
One can have an outside view of this grand palace.
Baldha Garden : Unique
creation of the late Narendra Narayan Roy, the landlord
of Baldha. Year of establishment was 1904. Located
in Wari area of Dhaka city, the garden with its rich
collection of indigenous and exotic plants is one
of the most exciting attraction for naturalists and
Ramna Green : A vast
stretch of green garden surrounded by a serpentine
lake near the Sheraton Hotel.
Parliament House : Jatiya
Sangsad Bhaban (Parliament House) located at Sher-e-Bangla
Nagar has distinctive architectural features. Designed
by the famous architect Louis I. Kahn, it may be called
an architectural wonder of this region.
Science Museum : The
museum is a modern learning center related to the
latest scientific discoveries. It is situated at Agargaon.
Institute of Arts and Crafts
: Situated in the picturesque surroundings
of Shahbagh the Institute of Arts and Crafts has a
representative collection of folk-art and paintings
by artists of Bangladesh.
Sonargaon : About 29
km. from Dhaka. Sonargaon is one of the oldest capitals
of Bangal. A Folk Arts and Crafts Museum has been
Other attractions in and around Dhaka include the
Institute of Arts and Crafts with its representative
collection of folk art and paintings, handicraft shops.
Aparajeya Bangla monument, picnic spots at Chandra
and Salna, industrial estates of Tongi, Narayanganj,
Demara, Tejgaon, cruising by country boat in the nearby
river or a visit to a village to see jute cultivation,
weaving and pottery making. Last but not the least
travel by a horse driven cart or rickshaw along busy
Dhaka streets is a rewarding experience.
About 27 km. from Dhaka, Sonargaon is one of the oldest
capitals of Bengal. It was the seat of Deva Dynasty
until the 13th century. From then onward till the
advent of the Mughals, Sonargaon was subsidiary capital
of the Sultanate of Bengal. Among the ancient monuments
still intact are the Tomb of Sultan Ghiasuddin (1399-1409
A. D), the shrines of Panjpirs and Shah Abdul Alia
and a beautiful mosque in Goaldi villaae.
Picnic Spots : There
are good picnic spots in the area around Savar and
Mirzapur. Other beauty spots connected by road with
Dhaka include Joydevpur, Sripur, Madhupur, Rajendrapur
National Park, Chandra and Salna, all of which have
rest-houses that can be used by tourists on request
to the Forest Department.
Bangaldesh Parjatan Corporation owns two picnic spots
with Bunglows at Chandra and Salna which can also
be hired by tourists.
Mosque of Baba Adam :
Of a slightly later date the elegant 6-domed mosque
(43'x36') of Baba Adam in Rampal near Dhaka was erected
by one Malik Kafur during the reign of the last llyas
Shahi Sultan, Jalauddin Fateh Shah in 1483 A.D. It
displays the same characterstic features of the period
such as the faceted octagonal turrets at 4 corners,
the curved cornice, the facade and 3 mihrabs relieved
richly with beautiful terracotta floral and hanging
Star Mosque : A very
beautiful mosque of the city is situated at Mahuttuly
on Abul Khairat Rd; just west of Armanitola Govt.
High School. Architecturally faultless (Mughal style)
is a five-dome mosque with hundreds of big and small
twinkling stars as surface decorations. The stars
have been created by setting pieces of chinaware on
white cement. Seen from the front and from far it
looks as if shining above the surface of the earth.
The inside of it is even more beautiful that the outside,
lovely mosaic floor and excellent tiles with many
floral patterns set on the walls, are all in complete
harmony. The sitara Masjid was built originally with
three domes in early 18th century by Mirza Ghulam
Pir, a highly respectable Zamindar of Dhaka. Frequently
used in calendars. Entrance: through a lane named
after the mosque.
Baitul Mukarram Mosque :
Baitul Mukarram Mosque is situated at Purana Paltan
east of Bangladesh Secretariat and north of Dhaka
Stadium. Largest Mosque in the city, three storied
and built after the pattern of the Kaba Sharif. Very
beautiful and costly decorations in the interior.
Long lawn, garden and rows of fountains to the south
and east. The mosque is on a very high platform. Lovely
flight of stairs lead to it; from the south, east
and north. On the east is a vast varanda which is
also used for prayer and Eid congregation. Below in
the ground floor is a shopping centre.
Ahsan Manzil Museum : On
the bank of river Buriganga in Dhaka the Pink majestic
Ahsan Manzil has been renovated and turned into a
museum recently. It is an epitome of the nation's
rich cultural heritage. It is the home of Nawab of
Dhaka and a silent spectator to many events.
Today's renovated Ahsan Manzil a monument of immense
historical beauty. It has 31 rooms with a huge dome
atop which can be seen from miles around. It now has
23 galleries in 31 rooms displaying of traits, furniture
and household articles and utensils used by the Nawab.
Sightseeing Tours : Bangladesh
Parjatan Corporation runs conducted sightseeing tours
from its Tourist Information Centre at Dhaka Sheraton
Hotel. The duration of the Dhaka City sightseeing
tours is three hours approximately. Other tour operators……..
Dhaka Club, Dhaka: formed in 1851 in the name of Ramna
Dhaka Club. Accom, Rest. & Bar, Swimming Pool,
Indoor Games, Tennis, Squash Ph: 880-2- 8619180-4,
Golf Club, Kurmitola :
Temporary Membership for tourists available, Golf,
Rest. & Bar. Ph: 880-2-605301
Australian Club : Rd.
83, Gulshan, Membership to all Australians and New
Zeaianders, Swimming, Tennis, Squash, Volleybal,
American Club : Gulshan,
Membership open to all Americans and their families,
Swimming, Tennis, Squash, Volleyball, Basketball,
Swedish Club : Rd. 47,
Gulshan, open to all Swedesh and their guests, Swimming,
Squash, Tennis, Ph: 880-2-601043.
Netherlands, Recreation Cantre
: Road 74, house 33, Gulshan 2, members must
be Dutch, Swimming Tennis, Rest, Ph: 880-2-602039