: Dance and Music
forms of the sub-continent predominate in Bangladeshi
dance. The folk, tribal and Middle Eastern traits
are also common. Among the tribal dances, particularly
popular are Monipuri and Santal. Rural girls are in
the habit of dancing that does not require any grammar
or regulations. Bangla songs like jari and shari are
presented accompanied with dance of both male and
The traditional music in Bangladesh shares the perspectives
of that of the Indian sub-continent. Music in Bangladesh
can be divided into three distinct categories -classical,
folk and modern. The classical music, both vocal and
instrumental is rooted in the remote past of the sub-continent.
Ustad Alauddin Khan and Ustad Ayet Ali Khan are two
names in classical instrumental music who are internationally
The store of folk song abounds in spiritual lyrics
of Lalan Shah, Hasan Raja, Romesh Shill and many anonymous
lyricists. Bangla music arena is enriched with Jari,
Shari, Bhatiali, Murshidi and other types of folk
songs. Rabindra Sangeet and Nazrul Sangeet are Bangalees'
precious heritage. Modern music is also practiced
widely. Contemporary patterns have more inclinations
to west. Pop song and band groups are also coming
up mainly in Dhaka City.
Bangladesh has a good number of musical
instruments originally of her own. Originally country
musical instruments include, Banshi (bamboo flute),
Dhole (wooden drums), Ektara (a single stringed instrument),
Dotara (a four stringed instrument), Mandira (a pair
of metal bawls used as rhythm instrument), Khanjani,
Sharinda etc. Now-a-days western instruments such
as Guitar, Drums, Saxophone, Synthesizer etc. are
being used alongside country instruments.
Drama & Jatra:
Drama in Bangladesh
has an old tradition and is very popular. In Dhaka
more than a dozen theater groups have been regularly
staging locally written plays as well as those adopted
from famous writers, mainly of European origin. Popular
theatre groups are Dhaka Theatre, Nagarik Nattya Sampraday
and Theatre. In Dhaka, Baily Road area is known as
'Natak Para' where drama shows are regularly held.
Public Library Auditorium and Museum Auditorium are
famous for holding cultural shows. Dhaka University
area is a pivotal part of cultural activities.
Jatra(Folk Drama) is
another vital chapter of Bangalee culture. It depicts
mythological episodes of love and tragedy. Legendary
plays of heroism are also popular, particularly in
the rural areas. In near past jatra was the biggest
entertainment means for the rural Bangalees and in
that sense for 80% of the population since the same
percentage of the population lived in rural Bangladesh.
Now-a-days jatra has been placed in the back seat
in the entertainment era. Gradually western culture
is occupying the place of traditional culture like