Chittagong, the second largest city of Bangladesh
and a busy international seaport, is an ideal vacation
spot. Its green hills and forests, its broad sandy
beaches and its fine cool climate always attract the
holiday-markers. Described by the Chinese traveler
poet, Huen Tsang (7th century A.D) as "a sleeping
beauty emerging from mists and water" and given
the title of "Porto Grande" by the 16th
century Portuguese seafarers. Chittagong combines
remains true to both the descriptions even today.
It combines the busy hum of an active seaport with
the shooting quiet of a charming hill town.
The Shahi Jama-e-Masjid and Qadam Mubarak Mosque are
two of the most impressive buildings in the city.
It's also worth visiting the Ethnological Museum in
the Modern City which has interesting displays on
Bangladesh's tribal peoples. There are good views
and cooling breezes from Fairy Hill in the British
City in the north-western sector of the city.
Chittagong is the country's chief port and is the
main site for the establishment of heavy, medium and
light industries. Bangladesh's only steel mill and
oil refinery are also located in Chittagong.
Bangla, English is spoken and understood.
Tropical in summer and light woolen in winter.
& Transport : Chittagong
is connected by road and rail with rest of the country.
Air link is available with Dhaka and Calcutta.
Rental : Rent-A-Car
facilities are available for city sightseeing and
trips to Rangamati, Cox's Bazar, Sitakunda and other
touristically important places.
Districts : The
Hill Tracts is divided into three districts, namely
Rangamati, Khagrachari and Bandarban.
From Chittagong a 77 km. road amidst green fields
and winding hills will take you to Rangamati, the
headquarters of the Rangamati Hill District which
is a wonderful repository of scenic splendours with
flora and fauna of varied descriptions. It is also
connected by water way from Kaptai.
For visit of foreign tourists to the Hill Districts
prior permission from the Government is required which
can be arranged through Tour Operators & BPC.
Hills : The
Hill Tract is divided into four valleys surrounded
by the Feni, Karnaphuli, Sangu (Sankhu) and Matamuhuri
rivers and their tributaries. The ranges or hills
of the Hill Tracts rise steeply thus looking far more
impressive than what their height would imply and
extend in long narrow ridges. The highest peaks on
the northern side are Thangnang, Langliang and Khantiang
while those on the southern side are Ramu, Taung,
Keekradang, Tahjindong (4632 ft, highest in Bangladesh),
Mowdok Mual, Rang Tlang and Mowdok Tlang.
forests : The
valleys of the Hill Tracts are covered with thick
planted forests. The vegetation in semi-evergreen
to tropical evergreen dominated by tall teak trees.
The natural vegetation can be seen best in the Rain-khyong
valleys of the Bandarban district. This district provides
the country with valuable wood used for various purposes,
besides supplying wood and bamboo for the Karnaphuli
Paper Mills and the Rayon Mills situated at Chandraghona.
Here a tourist may be lucky to see how huge logs of
wood are being carried to the plain by the tamed elephants.
are there main seasons, the dry season (November to
March), which is relatively cool, sunny and dry, the
premonsoon season (April and May), which is very hot
and sunny with occasional shower, and the rainy season
(June to October), which is warm, cloudy and wet.
life : The
inhabitants of the Hill Tracts are mostly tribal.
Life of the tribal people is extremely fascinating.
Majority of them are Buddhists and the rest are Hindus,
Christians and Animists. Despite the bondage of religion,
elements of primitiveness is strongly displayed in
their rites, rituals and everyday life. The tribal
families are matriarchal. The women-folk are more
hardworking than the males and they are the main productive
The tribal people are extremely self-reliant, they
grow their own food, their girls weave their own clothes
and generally speaking, they live a simple life. Each
tribe has its own dialect, distinctive dress and rites
and rituals. The common feature is their way of life
which still speak of their main occupation. Some of
them take pride in hunting with bows and arrows. Tribal
women are very skilful in making beautiful handicrafts.
Tribal people are generally peace loving, honest and
hospitable. They usually greet a tourist with a smile.
OTHER TOURIST ATTRACTIONS
of Sultan Bayazid Bostami : Situated
on a hillock at Nasirabad, about 6 km. to the north-west
of Chittagong town, this shrine attracts a large number
of visitors and pilgrims. At its base is a large tank
with several hundred tortoises. Tradition has it that
these animals are the descendants of the evil spirits
(genii) who were cast into this shape because they
incurred the wrath of the great saint who visited
the place about 1100 years age.
War II Cemetery : In
a well-preserved cemetery at a quiet and picturesque
place within the city lie buried in eternal peace
over 700 soldiers from British, Australia, Canada,
New Zealand, India, Myanmar, East and West Africa,
The Netherlands and Japan who laid down their lives
on the Myanmar front during the World War II.
of Shah Amanat : The
Shrine of Shah Amanat is another place of religious
attraction, located in the heart of the town, the
shrine is visited by hundreds of people everyday who
pay homage to the memory of the saint.
Building Museum :
Situated on the Fairy Hill, this building commands
a panoramic bird's eye view of Chittagong. This had
been the scene of intense activity during the independence
War in 1971. A museum has been established here
Lake(Pahartali Lake) : Set
amidst picturesque surroundings in the railway township
of Pahartali 8 km. from Chittagong this is an ideal
spot of outing and picnic thronged by thousands of
visitors every week.
Marine Academy at Juldia : The
only training institute of its kind in Bangladesh,
situated on the month of the river Karnaphuli.
and Fouzdarhat Sea Beaches : Patenga
beach is about 22 km. from Chittagong and is approachable
by a motorable road. On the way to the beach one passes
the Patenga Airport. Another ideal picnic spot is
the Fouzdarhat sea-beach about 16 km. from Chittagong.
Area : Located
near the river mouth of the river Karnaphuli, the
Chittagong port has a recorded history from 9th century.
Today, this is the principal seaport of the country
This museum located in Agrabad is a treasure-house
of a variety of tribal culture and heritage of Bangladesh
Museum : The
government Circuit House where former president Ziaur
Rahman was assasinated has been turned into a museum.
37 km. from Chittagong lies an interesting place known
as Sitakunda, served by a railway station of the same
name. Famous among the many temples in this place
are the Chandranath Temple and the Buddhist Temple
has a footprint of Lord Buddha. These places particularly
the hilltops are regarded as very sacred by the Buddhists
and the Hindus. Siva-chaturdashi festival is held
every year in February when thousands of pilgrims
assemble for the celebrations which last about ten
days. There is a salt water spring 5 km. to the north
of Sitakunda, known as Labanakhya.
kilometer from Chittagong, on the Kaptai Road is Chandraghona
where one of the biggest paper mills in Asia is located.
Close to the paper mill there is a rayon factory which
produces synthetic fibers from bamboo.