Bangladesh has a rich tradition of Art. Specimens of ancient Terracotta and pottery show remarkable artistry. Modern painting was pioneered by artists like Zainul Abedin, Qamrul Hasan. Anwarul Haque, Shafiuddin Ahmed, Shafiqul Amin, Rashid Chowdhury, and S.M. Sultan. Among them Zainul Abedin earned worldwide fame by his stunning sketches of the Bengal Famine in 1943.
Other famous artists of Bangladesh are Abdur Razzak, Qayyum Chowdhury, Murtaza Baseer, Aminul Islam, Debdas Chakraborty, Kazi Abdul Baset, Syed Jahangir, and Mohammad Kibria
The earliest available specimen of Bengali literature is about a thousand years old. During the medival period. Bengali Literature developed considerably with the patronage of Muslim rulers. Chandi Das, Daulat Kazi, and Syed Alaol are some of the famous poets of the period. The era of modern Bengali Literature began in the late nineteenth century Rabindranath Tagore, the Nobel Laureate is a vital part of Bengali culture. Kazi Nazrul Islam, Michael Madhusudan Dutt. Sarat Chandra Chattopadhay, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Mir Mosharraf Hossain and Kazi Ahdul Wadud are the pioneers of modern Bengali Literature.