Sundarbans are the largest littoral mangrove belt
in the world, stretching 80km (50mi) into the
Bangladeshi hinterland from the coast. The forests
aren't just mangrove swamps though, they include
some of the last remaining stands of the mighty
jungles which once covered the Gangetic plain.
The Sundarbans cover an area of 38,500 sq km,
of which about one-third is covered in water.
Since 1966 the Sundarbans have been a wildlife
sanctuary, and it is estimated that there are
now 400 Royal Bengal tigers and about 30,000 spotted
deer in the area.
The park is also home to sea gypsy fishing families
who catch fish using trained otters. To see this
pristine environment, you need to get a permit
from the Divisional Forest Office in Khulna. With
permit in hand, it's possible to hire a boat from
Mongla or Dhangmari to get you to Hiron Point.
From Hiron Point you will have to hire a guide
to take you into the park.
Sundarbans is home to many different species of
birds, mammals, insects, reptiles and fishes.
Over 120 species of fish and over 260 species
of birds have been recorded in the Sundarbans.
The Gangetic River Dolphin (Platanista gangeticus)
is common in the rivers. No less than 50 species
of reptiles and eight species of amphibians are
known to occur. The Sundarbans now support the
only population of the Estuarine, or Salt-Water
Crocodile (Crocodylus parasus) in Bangladesh,
and that population is estimated at less than
two hundred individuals.
Here land and water meet in many novel fashions,
Wildlife presents many a spectacle. No wonder,
you may come across a Royal Bengal Tiger swimming
across the streams or the crocodiles basking on
the river banks. With the approach of the evening
herds of deer make for the darking glades where
boisterous monkeys shower Keora leaves from above
for sumptuous meal for the former. For the botanist,
the lover of nature, the poet and the painter
this land provides a variety of wonder for which
they all crave.
It's beauty lies in its unique natural surrounding.
Thousands of meandering streams, creeks, rivers
and estuaries have enhanced its charm. Sundarbans
meaning beautiful forest is the natural habitat
of the world famous Royal Bengal Tiger, spotted
deer, crocodiles, jungle fowl, wild boar, lizards,
theses monkey and an innumerable variety of beautiful
birds. Migratory flock of Siberian ducks flying
over thousands of sail boats loaded with timber,
golpatta (round-leaf), fuel wood, honey, shell
and fish further add to the serene natural beauty
of the Sundarbans.
This is indeed a land for the sportsmen, the anglers
and the photographers with its abundance of game,
big and small, crocodile, wild boar, deer, pythons,
wild-birds and above all the Royal Bengal Tiger,
cunning, ruthless and yet majestic and graceful,
For the less adventurously inclined, there are
ducks and snipes, herons and coots, yellow-lags
and sandpipers. It is also the land for the ordinary
holiday makers who desire to rest or wander around
at will to refresh their mind and feast their
eyes with the rich treasure that nature has so
AREA: Nearly 2400
sq. miles or 6000 sq. km.
FOREST LIMITS: North-Bagerhat,
Khulna and Sathkira districts : South-Bay of Bengal;
East-Baleswar (or Haringhata) river, Perojpur,
Barisal district, and West-Raimangal and Hariabhanga
rivers which partially form Bangladesh boundary
with West Bengal in India.
MAIN ATTRACTIONS: Wildlife
photography including photography of the famous
Royal Bengal Tiger, wildlife viewing, boating
inside the forest will call recordings, nature
study, meeting fishermen, wood-cutters and honey-collectors,
peace and tranquility in the wilderness, seeing
the world's largest mangrove forest and the riverine
FAMOUS SPOTS: Hiron
Point (Nilkamal) for tiger, deer, monkey, crocodiles,
birds and natural beauty. Katka for deer, tiger,
crocodiles, varieties of birds and monkey, morning
and evening symphony of wild fowls. Vast expanse
of grassy meadows running from Katka to Kachikhali
(Tiger Point) provide opportunities for wild tracking.
Tin Kona Island for tiger and deer.
Dublar Char (Island) for fishermen. It is a beautiful
island where herds of spotted deer are often seen
Means of Communication:
Water transport is the only means of communication
for visiting the Sundarbans from Khulna or Mongla
Port. Private motor launch, speed boats, country
boats as well as mechanised vessel of Mongla Port
Authority might be hired for the purpose. From
Dhaka visitors may travel by air, road or rocket
steamer to Khulna - the gateway to the Sundarbans.
Most pleasant journey from Dhaka to Khulna is
by Paddle Steamer, Rocket presenting a picturesque
panorama of rural Bangladesh. Day and night-long
coach services by road are also available. The
quickest mode is by air from Dhaka to Jessore
and then to Khulna by road.
Journey time: It
varies depending on tides against or in favour
in the river. Usually it takes 6 to 10 hours journey
by motor vessel from Mongla to Hiron Point or
Accommodation Inside the forest
Hiron Point : Comfortable
three-storied Rest-House of the Mongla Port Authority.
Prior booking is to be made.
Katka : Forest Department
Rest-House located here. Prior booking essential.
Journey by Rocket Steamer to Mongla and Khulna
Minimum Journey time is 22 Hours for Mongla and
24 Hours for Khulna from Dhaka.
Entry Permission: Prior
permission must be obtained through written application
from the Divisional Forest Office, Circuit House
Road, Khulna (Phone 20665, 211731) to visit the
Sundarbans. Required entrance fees for visitors,
vessel or boat payable at the relevant forest
Fee for Commercial Photography
Movie Tk. 5,000.00 per role exposed
Video Tk. 4,000.00 per Cassette
Still Tk. 1,000.00 per role exposed
Guided Tours: Bangladesh
Parjatan Corporation & other tour operators
offers all-inclusive guided package fours from
Dhaka to Sundarbans and return during the tourist
season (October to March).
in the Sundarbans is moderate. Air is humid. Full
monsoon is from June to September. The annual
rainfall average between 65" and 70".
During ebb-tide the forest becomes bare by 6-7
feet and at high tide (30 miles and hour) the
entire territory of the forest floats on water.
Life in Forest: Only
means of transportation inside the forest is boat.
There is no road, no trail of a path anywhere.
The wood-cutters make temporary dwellings at the
edge of the forest at a height of 8-10 feet for
fear of wild animals others live on boats. In
the chandpai region it is fascinating to see the
nomadic fishermen (living with families on boats)
catching fish with the help of trained offers.
Exciting activities take place in Dublar Char
in the forest where fishermen from Chittagong
gather for four months (mid Oct. to mid Feb.)
to catch and dry fish. But the most daring and
exciting of all activities is presented by the
honey-collectors who work in groups for just two
months (April-May) and it is interesting to see
how they locate a hive and then collect honey.
Flora and Fauna: The
Sundarbans is endowed by nature with rich flora
and fauna. It is a wonderful place to see or to
shoot a Royal Bengal Tiger with Camera if one
has the time to wait in the forest. There are
a good number of tigers in the Sundarbans. Lovely
spotted deer are easy to find. Besides there are
a wide variety of wildlife for which the Sundarbans
is so famous
Visit to the Forest
Permission from the Division Forest Officer, Khulna
is required to visit to the forest. Cholera vaccine
is to be taken well in advance. Anti-malarial,
anti-diarrhoeal, insectrepellent cream, drinking
water, green coconuts, medical kit, light tropical
dress, thick rubber soled boots etc. are to be
carried with the tourist. It will be wise to take
the help of an experienced guide to make the journey
Tourist season & Shooting:
Best time to visit the Sundarbans is from
November to March. Exciting honey collection season
is during April-May. Hunting is prohibited by
law in the country for the preservation of wildlife.
Certain species of birds, however, can be shot
with prior permission of the Divisional Forest
Officer, Khulna, (Phone : 20665 & 21173).
Visit to the Forest: Permission
from the Division Forest Officer, Khulna is required
to visit to the forest. Cholera vaccine is to
be taken well in advance. Anti-malarial, anti-diarrhoeal,
insectrepellent cream, drinking water, green coconuts,
medical kit, light tropical dress, thick rubber
soled boots etc. are to be carried with the tourist.
It will be wise to take the help of an experienced
guide to make the journey fruitful.